ARC Position paper on the TENT-T Revision

Airport Regions Council, the European association of cities and regions with an

airport in their territory, welcomes the revision of the TENT-T guidelines launched by

the European Commission in April 2019 since transport, and in general, mobility is a

key aspect of the relations between any airport and its region, and this explains why

ARC has developed studies, organised events and participated in EU funded projects

focused on this issue.


Airport regions are, in general, the main nodes of transport in Europe as they include

long haul journeys from the other side of the world to all transport modes to connect

with downtown, cities around and economic areas around the airport platform. This is

the main reason ARC values the main objective of TEN-T: to create European added

value by creating cohesion (between long-distance traffic and local and regional traffic),

by adding efficiency (through connections of nodes and stimulation of new innovative

technologies), by striving for sustainability (by lowering emissions and external costs of

traffic), and by adding more benefits for its users.


ARC would like to stress some aspects of revision:


a) General aspects


Improving multi-level governance for better implementation


Improving the governance of TEN-T policy and urban nodes is the best and only way

for the good implementation of future projects. Regional and local authorities play a

key role in the management and development of transport systems, and as such, their

empowerment should be strengthened.


Improving the coordination between European Commission initiatives


The European Commission has taken several initiatives to address transport-related

issues. The new TEN-T guidelines should help achieve the ambitious goals set out by

these various initiatives and recent communications.


Developing stronger synergies with other EU programmes


ARC and its members participate in different EU programmes and projects, and we

consider that to take full advantage, synergies should be promoted.


b) Regarding airport regions


Expanding the definition of urban nodes and introducing specific criteria


To accelerate the transformations needed in the transport system to meet the 2030 and

2050 objectives in the TEN-T policy, the definition of urban nodes should be expanded,

and a new set of selection criteria needs to be implemented. And in this sense, we

consider that airport regions should be included as they incorporate almost all modes of

transport. The future of mobility and the whole chain of the transport system, including first and last-mile journeys, would also benefit from strengthening innovation in urban

nodes. Similarly, it would contribute to the decarbonisation of the transport system by

addressing alternative fuel infrastructure and vehicles (taking into account the Clean

Vehicle Directive) and new energy sources. Accelerating the deployment of alternative

fuel infrastructures would also increase the resilience of the transport system, making it

less dependent on a single mode or fuel. Regional and local authorities in the

agglomerations of urban nodes are nevertheless still facing a challenge in paving the

way for (the public acceptance of) new innovative modalities, while the density and

frequency of transport flows are going up in a growing urban area and the accessibility

and connectivity of urban areas are under constant pressure.


Giving urban nodes the same importance as other priorities in the TEN-T guidelines


This would ensure that they meet current and future challenges while providing smart,

efficient, and sustainable transport. Urban nodes are essential for the effectiveness of

European transport corridors as well as for regional development and social cohesion;

they carry similar weight for freight and logistics, acting both as connecting points and

“first and last miles” of long-distance journeys. These reasons show evidence that urban

nodes will carry even more importance in the future to provide a clean, efficient, and

sustainable transport system to the benefit of all citizens. As such, urban nodes are part

of the DNA of the transport policy and equal priority should be given to urban nodes as

other priorities in the regulation.


Increasing emphasis on intermodality and achieving a modal shift


Intermodality will boost the modal shift from private and more pollutant modes to those

that are more likely to fit into the goals of the Green Deal. These modes must be the key

to increase transport efficiency.


Giving equal priority to urban nodes as other priorities in the regulation


Strengthening the priority of urban nodes would especially:

  • Improve the international accessibility for urban regions

  • Reinforce the capacity and efficiency of existing corridors

  • Support the decarbonisation of the transport system and address congestion


c) Regarding airports


Increasing the importance of airports


Airports play a key role and in many areas of Europe irreplace